Pothos is the easiest plant to care for, of all houseplants. It is known as many other names such as Devil’s Ivy, Devil’s vine, taro vine, Ceylon creeper, house plant, silver vine, Solomon Islands ivy, hunter’s robe, ivy arum, Indian money plant etc. The botanical name of Pothos is Epipremnum Aureum. These are trailing plants that have pointed heart-shaped green leaves which are sometimes variegated with white, yellow or pale green. These vines can reach up to a height of 10 feet and sometimes 30 feet.
Pothos is an excellent houseplant to suit any location in your house. They can thrive well in low light as well as bright light conditions. Because Pothos cannot support themselves or cling to the trellis, they need to be provided with one if you want their twinning look. You can secure them along the walls. If they are left unpruned for a long time, these plants tend to become leggy as they grow tall. Pothos vines tend to get tangled if left to grow by themselves. Pothos can be grown outdoor as well as in pots and containers.
Not to forget about its Air Purifying qualities, Pothos help clean the air of toxins especially formaldehyde and benzene and carbon monoxide from the air. Therefore, you can consider putting them in your bedroom to ensure enough Oxygen while sleeping.
In some countries, people believe that Money Plant brings prosperity/ wealth and good luck as per Feng Shui and Indian Vastu.
Money Plant Varieties
There are lots of varieties of Pothos. Some of the most popular varieties found in the market include:
- Marble Queen Pothos
- Neon Pothos
- Snow Queen Pothos
- Golden Pothos
- Green Dragon Pothos
- Pearls and Jade Pothos
- Silver/ Satin Pothos
- N-Joy Pothos
- Cebu Blue Pothos
Pothos Plant Care Tips
Light Requirements for Devil’s Ivy
Devil’s Ivy prefers bright indirect light when grown indoor whereas when kept outdoor, keep them in a shady spot like under the patios or any sort of shade. Exposure to low light conditions for a long time can turn the leaves of the variegated plants to all green. Providing them with enough bright light throughout the week can help restore the variegations on the leaves. Similarly, paler looking leaves means that the plant is getting too much bright light.
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Soil Requirements for Pothos
Pothos can thrive in the ordinary, well-draining potting soil mix. Make sure that the pot has enough drainage holes to allow the excess of water to seep through. The soil mix containing peat moss or coco coir, compost/worm castings and perlite make an excellent soil mix for Devil’s Ivy. Peat moss keeps the soil moist by absorbing enough water required for the roots. Compost provides nutrition to the plant and perlite provides aeration to the soil by removing the excess water.
Let the soil dry out halfway before watering them again. Overwatering Pothos can lead to root rot. Black spots on the leaves or sudden collapse of leaves are the sign of over wetness of the roots for a long time. Do not let the soil dry out completely as this can affect the growth of the plant. Check the soil, before watering, if the soil feels dry to touch up to a knuckle, then go ahead and water your plant but if it feels moist then you can wait for few more days and reassess the soil for dryness. Dry, Crisp and Brown leaves mean that the soil is dry for a long time.
Temperature and Humidity
Pothos thrive well in temperatures between 65–75-degree Fahrenheit i.e., room temperature. Make sure that the temperature remains above 55-degree Fahrenheit. Pothos loves humidity but they can also do well in dry conditions. You can mist the leaves of the plant to add moisture to the air.
Pothos plants are not heavy feeders. But during the Growing season i.e., Spring and summer, feed them with diluted balanced liquid fertilizer once every month or twice monthly during the growing season.
Money Plant Repotting
You can repot your plant when you see the roots of the plant coming out of the drainage holes. If the plant becomes root bound, then it can affect the growth of the plant.
Pruning of Ivy Arum
Keep the stems trimmed to keep the foliage full along the stem. This will make your plant look bushier with more new growth and the pruned cutting can be propagated.
All varieties of Pothos plants are poisonous if ingested as their leaves contain Calcium Oxalate crystals which can irritate the lips, mouth and tongue.
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Pothos Plant Problems
Pothos grow happily if provided with adequate plant care. But sometimes, you can see the browning or yellowing of leaves or their tips. It can happen due to Both diseases and irregular care routine.
- Yellowing of the leaves: this can happen due to many reasons such as Underwatering and Too much exposure to bright light.
- Browning of the tips of the leaves: Browning of the tips of the leaves usually happen due to Overwatering or too much fertilizing. It can also happen due to bacterial or fungal infections. Exposing the plant to direct bright light can cause the leaves to burn and become brown at the edges.
- Droopy Leaves: This happens due to underwatering. Water your plant regularly to avoid droopy leaves. DO not overwater.
- Leggy Stems: This happens when the plant is not pruned for a long time. Regular pruning will make your plant bushier.
Money Plant Benefits
There are a number of benefits with money plants growing in the house. Some of the benefits are below.
- Air purifier
- Anti Radiator- controls radiation coming from electronic devices like laptops, mobiles and computers.
- Brings luck and prosperity to the home
Pothos Plant Propagation Steps
It is very easy to propagate Devil’s Ivy. This plant can be propagated through stem cuttings. Every leaf gives out a root node. All you have to do is to take a cutting in the middle of the gap between two leaves including the root node. Now pop the cutting in a cup of water making sure that the root node is immersed well inside the water. Keep the cup in a warm, well-lit place. After few weeks, you will see the root elongating from the root node. It will take few more weeks for the new leaf to come out. Once the new leaf has come out and the root is well developed, transfer your cutting into the soil. Use the same soil mix as mentioned earlier.
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